Does the arXiv lead to higher citations and reduced publisher downloads for mathematics articles? -- article by Philip M. Davis, Michael J. Fromerth
Does the arXiv lead to higher citations and reduced publisher downloads for mathematics articles?
Authors: Philip M. Davis, Michael J. Fromerth
An analysis of 2,765 articles published in four math journals from 1997 to 2005 indicated that articles deposited in the arXiv received 35% more citations on average than non-deposited articles (an advantage of about 1.1 citations per article), and that this difference was most pronounced for highly-cited articles. The most plausible explanation is not Open Access or Early View, but Self-Selection, which has led to higher quality articles being deposited in the arXiv. Yet in spite of their citation advantage, arXiv-deposited articles received 23% fewer downloads from the publisher's website (about 10 fewer downloads per article) in all but the most recent two years after publication. The data suggest that arXiv and the publisher's website may be fulfilling distinct functional needs of the reader.